Hygiene At Home Worksheets Level 2


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Sheet 1

Sheet 2

Sheet 3

Sheet 4

OVERVIEW OF ACTIVITIES LEVEL II

1. TRACKING DOWN GRIME

Objectives :
– Recognize that things around us only look clean and germs cannot be seen with the naked eye.
– Make a connection between areas at school and in the home where germs spread.

Material :
– Magnifying glasses.
– Microscopes.

Time : 45 minutes.

Method :
– Get the children to list the rooms in the home which easily get dirty such as toilet, hall, kitchen, bedroom or bathroom.
– At school, the children:

Use a magnifying glass to find marks invisible to the naked eye in places common to school and home (kitchen, canteen, games room, toilet, etc.).

Collect objects or scraps found there (breadcrumbs, cutlery, sponges, etc.).

– Objects and scraps are then examined under a microscope to find out what’s in them.
– Ask the children to draw in their exercise book what they see under the microscope.
– All together, conclude that :

Germs are everywhere, even in the home.

Places at school where germs spread are the same places as at home
(kitchen, bathroom, toilet, etc.).

Good hygiene at home is essential.

 

2. STICKERS FOR ROOMS WITH GERMS

Objectives :
– Understand why germs are more likely to proliferate in some rooms rather than others.
– Remember the key areas where germs spread.

Material :
– Felt pens.
– Glue.
– Double-sided tape.
– Plastic film.

Time : 45 minutes.

Method :
– Question the children on what encourages the spread of germs.
– Emphasize damp, dirt, cross contamination.
– All together find out where we should look.

Germs are everywhere, even in the home.

Places at school where germs spread are the same places as at home e.g. kitchen, bathroom, toilet.

Good hygiene at home is essential.

– For the 4 key rooms, the children draw a typical object or situation.
– Then define hygiene practices suitable for the different rooms.

Kitchen : Disinfect work surfaces and sponges every day / follow food hygiene rules.

Bathroom : Don’t leave wash things like toothbrush, toothpaste, flannel, etc. lying around / rinse bath and basin after use / disinfect regularly.

Toilet : Flush after each use / boys: lift the seat / disinfect every day / always wash hands after going to the toilet.

Utility room : Keep dirty laundry in one place / do the washing regularly / dry clothes immediately after washing.

– For each room, the children make up slogans or mottos to write on the drawing to remind them of basic hygiene practices at home.
– Cut out the drawings.
– Protect the drawings with plastic film.
– Use double-sided tape on the back to make stickers ready to apply to exercise book, school bag, refrigerator or whatever.

 

3. GERM NESTS

Objective :
– Identify all objects and surfaces where germs are likely to spread.

Material: Sheet 1 and 2

Time : 30 minutes.

Method :
The exercise is done in two stages: research + written solution.
– Hand out the sheets and do the exercise.
– Finish by summarizing all together the places where germs develop. Draw attention to those which were not obvious :

Germ reservoirs : all the wet places in a house where germs love to breed (U-bend, toilet bowl, sink, draining board, washbasin, etc.).

Germ distributors : items used by all the family for house cleaning (sponge, dishcloth, tea towel, broom, etc.) or for personal hygiene (hairbrush, towels, flannels, etc.).

Surfaces in contact with hands : (handles, toilet seats, telephones, etc.).

Surfaces in contact with hands and food : (chopping board, work surface, refrigerator, kitchen utensils, etc.).

– With the children, summarize hygiene practices which minimize contamination risk :

Germ reservoirs : regular disinfection.

Germ distributors : frequent disinfection, preferably after each use.

Surfaces : clean after each contact. Also remember basic personal and food hygiene practices, e.g. wash hands after going to the toilet or before touching food.

 

S C H O O L B A G
E A
A N
T D
L S
T E L E P H O N E
O
E
S

 

J A U R T
W A R N Z
E C U O E
N Z R U J
T B W B C

– Hidden word : Contact.

 

4. FOCUS ON ALLERGIES

Objectives :
– Find out what in the home can cause allergies.
– Realize that hygiene at home can have a positive effect on combating allergies.

Time : 30 minutes.

Method :
– Question the children on allergic symptoms (skin irritations, itching, sneezing, nettle-rash, asthma attacks, etc.).
– Ask them if any have ever had an allergy.
– Ask the children what in their experience can cause allergies (other than food allergies or allergic reactions to medicine).
– Emphasize :

Mites and their secretions (which are the actual cause of allergies) in dust, carpets, clothes and bed linen, and also on the walls.

Potential risk of cat and dog hairs.

Airborne pollen in the house.
– Get the children to look up “mite” in the dictionary.
– Assemble all the answers, and conclude :

That mites can cause the same type of allergy as insects and shellfish.

 

That mites are typically tiny and spherical.

 

That some mites can be seen with the naked eye (e.g. dog ticks).

– Divide the class into small groups of 5 or 6.
– Ask each group to think about how to control mites in the home and then to tell the rest of the class their proposals.
– All together conclude that good hygiene at home can reduce the number of mites and therefore the risk of allergies.
– Emphasize:

The need for air circulation: air the bedroom every day, including the bed, and the other rooms, to cut down damp.

The need to do housework regularly to remove dust and keep the house clean.

The need to change our clothes every day.

These measures will also get rid of germs (even if these do not cause allergies). And even if no-one in the family is allergic, a visitor could be. So we need to take care of the health of our visitors too.

– To personalize the exercise, the teacher could show the pupils an enlarged photo of a mite, or ask the children to draw how they imagine a mite would look. Around their drawing, the children write down the prevention methods they know.

 

5. CLEANING PRODUCTS

Objectives :
– Be aware of the diversity and hazards of household cleaning products.

Material :
– Containers from dangerous cleaning products.
– Poster or large sheet of paper.

Time : 1 hour

Method :
– A week beforehand, ask the pupils to cut out at home pictures of home hygiene products from catalogues. Each child should cut out three products with different uses.
– The day of the exercise, the teacher should bring empty containers from hazardous household products.
– Assemble all the cut-outs.
– All together define the application and use of the various products (e.g. washing powder for clothes ; cream cleaner for the sink, bath and basin ; window cleaner; washing-up liquid or dishwasher powder ; disinfectants for surfaces ; lime scale removers, etc.).
– Select one example of each type.
– Sort the products and stick the images on the poster.
– Write beside each product image how it should be used.
– Emphasize the potential danger of using certain household products. Children should never use them unattended.
– Show containers of hazardous products and comment on them.
– With the children, read and understand the warnings and symbols for the various hazards :

Cross : Irritant. Produces red patches on skin.

Flame : Flammable. Easily catches fire.

Two test-tubes with surface or hand : Corrosive. Burns flesh and other substances.

– Draw the symbols and their meanings on the poster.
– Using the warning texts read previously, write what to do if products are swallowed or in contact with mouth or eyes (go straight to hospital, call an ambulance, etc.).

6. AN UNUSUAL CONTEST

Objective :
– Get to know basic principles of hygiene at home.

Time : 1 hour.

Method :
– Go over the themes studied in hygiene lessons.
– Explain to the children how to keep the house clean (parental guidance, etc.).
– Emphasize:

Wear slippers after coming home.

Tidy the bedroom every day.

Gather up dirty laundry every day.

Don’t leave rubbish around. Put it in the dustbin.

Help Mum clean our bedroom regularly.

Help with the washing up.

Help clear and clean the table after meals.

– Don’t leave a kitchen work surface dirty.

Don’t let an animal get up on a kitchen work surface.

Rinse the bath and basin after every use.

Air the bedroom every morning.

Make the bed.

Remember to wash hands often (after going to the toilet, before touching food).

– Object of game : a tournament on the theme of hygiene at home.
– How to play :
– Divide the class into an even number of teams, say, 8 teams of 4 children.
– Each team chooses a name connected with hygiene.
– Each team thinks up 12 questions on hygiene at home and the practices necessary to keep the house clean and minimize contamination from germs.
– The tournament is played in matches :

1st round : The 8 teams compete in twos (4 matches): each puts 4 questions to the other. The winning teams in each of the 4 matches are those who gave the maximum number of correct answers.

Semi-final : The 4 winning teams each play another (2 matches).

Final : The 2 successful teams compete.

Members of the winning team are nominated “Netoon Rangers”.

Rule : Check that teams know the answers to their own questions! If not, they get a penalty for each wrong answer.

 

7. I’M A NETOON RANGER

Objective :
– Make children aware of their responsibility for hygiene at home.

Material: Sheet 3

Time : 30 minutes

Method :
– Give out the sheet for each child to fill in.
– Ask the children to decorate their award.
– The children take their award home, get their parents to sign it, and hang it in their room.

 

8. HYGIENE EXHIBITION

Objectives :
– Consolidate knowledge of hygiene at home.
– Make other pupils and parents aware of the importance of good daily hygiene.

Material :
– Poster paper in different colours, large sheets of drawing paper.
– Felt tips, paint.
– Magazines to cut out.

Time : Variable.

Method :
– Suggest that the children put on a Hygiene at Home exhibition, based on all they have learnt in class.
– List the various exhibits (posters, captions, drawings, photos, etc.).
– Share out the tasks among small groups.
– Each group should highlight one aspect of hygiene at home :

The presence of germs in the various rooms.

Objects and surfaces needing particular attention.

Allergies and how to combat them.

Which household cleaning products to use.

Hazards of household cleaning products.

Basic home hygiene behaviour.

– The exhibition should demonstrate the need for hygiene at home, essential for healthy living.
– Show the exhibition to the school so other pupils and parents are made aware that hygiene at home is important for health.

 

9. HYGIENE AT HOME GAMES

Objective :
Consolidate hygiene knowledge.

Material: Sheet 4

Time: 10 to 20 minutes each game.

Method :

Game 1 : True or False ?

Correction :
1. False. There are many more germs in places with water, such as the kitchen, bathroom or toilet.
2. False. Germs have no problem living on a smooth surface. So you must clean everything, including floors.
3. True. Not all are harmful, but if in doubt let your parents use them.
4. True.
5. False. In Europe, people spend 75% of their time in the house. For some people in America, it’s 90%.
6. True.
7. False. Outdoor germs are often found indoors.

Game 2 : Good luck, Netoon !

Correction
The path is : 1 + 3 + 6 + 0 + 2 + 2 + 1 + 3 + 2 = 20.

 

None found.