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OVERVIEW OF ACTIVITIES LEVEL I
1. GERMS IN THE HOUSE
Make the child aware of the places in the house where germs develop.
– Felt pens, paints, etc.
– Small drawing paper.
– Large poster/sheet of paper.
Time : 45 minutes.
– Draw an empty house on the poster (roof, walls, etc.).
– Show the poster to the children.
– Question the children on differences between a clean house and a dirty house.
– List the various rooms (sitting room, bedrooms, kitchen, toilet, bathroom, dining room, garage, utility room, etc.).
– Ask the children which rooms are often dirty.
– The children each draw the room which they consider most likely to get dirty and write the name of the room on their sheet.
– Collect all the drawings. Sort by room type.
– All together look at the results. Take an example of each type of room and ask the children how it gets dirty.
– Ask the children which main areas they know where germs grow. If necessary, add to this (highlight kitchen, bathroom, toilet and utility room).
– Choose one drawing for each room and glue on to the house.
– Define appropriate hygiene practices for susceptible areas in the home :
Kitchen : Disinfect work surfaces and sponges every day / no pets allowed / apply food hygiene rules.
Toilet : Flush after each use / boys: lift the seat / disinfect every day / systematically wash hands after every visit to the toilet.
Bathroom : Don’t leave wash things lying around (toothbrush, toothpaste, flannel, etc.) / rinse bath and basin after use / disinfect regularly.
Utility room : Keep dirty laundry in one specific place / don’t leave dirty laundry too long before washing / dry laundry immediately after washing.
2. DIRT TRAPS
List objects and surfaces vulnerable to contamination and the spread of germs.
Material: Sheet 1
Durée : 30 minutes.
– The exercise can be done individually or collectively.
– Hand out the sheet to the children.
– Talk though the pictures, relating them to the children’s own experiences :
Where are we ?
What can we see ?
What do the drawings show ?
Why do we use them ?
– Do the exercise: the children hunt the Buurkis.
– The exercise can be personalized by asking the children to colour the pictures.
– Put up some differing results and talk about them together.
– Question the children on the pictures, highlighting common factors in each group :
What links the objects / surfaces in each group ?
Drawing 1 : Damp. Point out that germs spread more quickly in damp places.
Drawing 2 : Things used for cleaning / housework. Point out that they are often damp and contaminated, and can lead to cross-contamination because they are used by all the family.
Drawing 3 : Surfaces and objects which we touch with our hands. They are in the front line for cross-infection.
Drawing 4 : Surfaces and objects which are touched with our hands and by food. Explain basic food hygiene practices, particularly washing hands before touching food.
– Go over the various areas where germs spread, emphasizing those which were not obvious.
3. MRS TORTOISE AND HER ALLERGIES
– Find out what in the house can cause allergies.
– Learn some simple practices which can lessen allergic reactions.
Material : The story of Mrs Tortoise.
Time : 45 minutes.
– How to play: The teacher reads out the story. The children have set things to do when they hear specific words.
– Take the children to a large open space (classroom with chairs and tables cleared to the side, hall, playground, etc.).
– Form a circle.
– Explain the rules : “This is the story of Mrs Tortoise. She has allergies. Listen to the story carefully. Each time you hear a particular word, you should do something specific.
– Go through the actions for various words in the story :
When the children hear “pollen”, they sneeze.
When the children hear “dust”, they pretend to do the dusting.
When the children hear “dust mite”, they rub their eyes.
When the children hear “dog”, they bark.
When the children hear “cat”, they crouch down.
When the children hear “sheets”, they pretend to open the window and say “I am airing my bedroom”.
When the children hear “wash / washing”, they pretend to smell something pleasant (take a deep breath).
When the children hear “clean”, they sigh “Aaah”.
– Practice before reading the story, so the children are sure what they have to do.
– On returning to the classroom after the game, draw a collective conclusion on :
Which things in the house can cause allergies (dust, pollen, animals).
How we can mitigate allergic reactions (regularly air rooms, regularly vacuum carpets, remove dust from bedclothes, clothes and all surfaces / keep away from animals if allergic to dog or cat hairs).
– The teacher can personalize the story by asking the children to draw the characters.
– The story of Mrs Tortoise
Mrs Tortoise could not stand mess. Absolutely everything had to be really clean and tidy. Mrs Tortoise spent whole days when she would remove dust from her sheets, clean the kitchen, cleanevery little corner of her house. Do you know why ?
Because she suffered from allergies ! The slightest dust or the least little dust mite made her sneeze. Any little cat passing by made her eyes itch. Naturally, Mrs Tortoise did not have a garden :pollen from the flowers made her cry ! She was often alone, shut up in her pretty house. She was afraid of everything.
One morning, Mrs Tortoise was having breakfast. She was in the kitchen, busy washing the floor, when she heard an odd noise at the door. She opened it to see what it could be. A strange dog, with a bunch of flowers in one paw and a battered suitcase in the other, stood there happily smiling at her.
– Er… Good day, Mrs Tortoise, I am your cousin Ben. The one from Paris.
He came closer to give her the flowers, but Mrs Tortoise looked at him, horrified :
– Don’t come any closer, I’m allergic to pollen ! How dreadful ! Atishoo !
– Don’t worry : I am a housework dog by trade. I wash floors, clean kitchens and can even wash sheets ! You won’t know I’m there, and I’ll vacuum the carpets, change the bed clothes, chase off thecats. With me around, you’ll be safe, no more dust !
Mrs Tortoise rather nervously let him in. Ben, who loved a bit of fun, immediately performed a few antics. Despite all the allergies, they became great friends. And today ? Together they scour the house, air the bedrooms, change the sheets, get rid of all the dust, wash the floor, clean the bathroom, toilet and refrigerator ! Mrs Tortoise has become less fussy. Mrs Tortoise is much happier. Mrs Tortoise has found a friend.
4. CLEANING PRODUCTS
– Get to know some cleaning products.
– Be aware of potential hazards.
Material: Sheet 2
– Hand out the sheet.
– Talk though the pictures, explaining the meaning of the symbols and what the products are used for.
– Do the exercises.
– Conclude by explaining the hazards associated with cleaning products.
– 1 – d / 2 – c / 3 – a / 4 – e / 5- b.
– 1 – d / 2 – c/ 3 – b / 4 -a.
5. HOW I KEEP THE HOUSE CLEAN
– Get to know simple home hygiene practices, easily carried out by young children.
– Felt pens, paints, etc.
Time : 45 minutes.
– Explain to the children how to keep the house clean (parental guidance, etc.).
– Emphasize :
I wear slippers after I come home.
I tidy my room every day.
I gather up my dirty laundry every day.
I don’t leave dirty rubbish around. I put it in the dustbin.
I help Mum clean my room regularly.
Every morning I air my room and make my bed.
I don’t leave my snuggle lying around. I put it under my pillow.
I remember to wash my hands often.
– Write hygiene practices on the board.
– The children draw themselves carrying out each action (8 actions).
– The teacher can also ask the children to think of other things to do, and to draw them.
– Beside his drawing, the child writes what he is doing.
– Underline that the link between hygiene at home, food hygiene and personal hygiene means healthy living.
6. HYGIENE EXHIBITION
– Consolidate knowledge of hygiene at home.
– Make other pupils and parents aware of the importance of good daily hygiene.
– Poster paper in different colours, large sheets of drawing paper.
– Felt tips, paint.
– Magazines to cut out.
Time : Variable.
– Suggest that the children put on an exhibition on the theme “The Buurki family have decided to live in a clean house. Can you help them ? ”
– The children draw the Buurki family. It can be large enough for each child to have his own Buurki on the poster.
– Then they draw all the places and objects in the house to watch out for.
– Now form small groups.
– Each group should highlight one aspect of hygiene at home :
The presence of germs in the 4 strategic rooms (bathroom, toilet, kitchen, utility room).
The presence of germs in the main areas at risk from contamination :
– Reservoirs : wet places such as U-bends, sinks, toilet bowls or draining boards.
– Distributors : sponges, tea towels, floorcloths, flannels, bath towels, hairbrushes, etc.
– Surfaces in contact with hands : door handles, toilet seats, baths, telephones, etc.
– Surfaces in contact with hands and food : chopping boards, work surfaces, fridges, kitchen utensils, etc.
– All other surfaces needing regular cleaning or dusting : floors, carpets, furniture, etc.
Household cleaning products and their use (collages of product pictures from magazines, etc.).
Daily action to keep a house clean.
– Complete the exhibition by drawing the new Buurki family in their clean house. As before, the children can draw their own Buurki – now a Netoon !
– Show the exhibition to the school so other pupils and parents are made aware that hygiene at home is important for health.